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Operations

ItalyAbroadTotalItalyAbroadTotal
20182017
Net electricity generated by Enel (TWh))53.2197.1250.353.5196.4249.9
Electricity transported on the Enel distribution network (TWh)(1)277.7257.7485.4103.2181.6284.8
Electricity sold by Enel (TWh)104.3191.1295.4103.2181.6284.8
Gas sales to end users (billions of m3)4.86.411.24.86.911.7
Employees at period-end (no,)30,28538,98769,27231,11431,78662,900

(1) The figure for 2017 reflects a more accurate measurement of amounts transported.

Net electricity generated by Enel in 2018 increased by 0.4 TWh on 2017 (+0.2%), due to the increase in generation abroad (+0.7 TWh), partly offset by a decline in output in Italy (-0.3 TWh). 

dati operativi

More specifically, the increase in volumes generated abroad primarily reflects greater renewables generation:

  • +6.0 TWh from the increase in hydroelectric generation in Spain and South America;
  • +4.0 TWh from the increase in wind generation in South America and North and Central America.

These developments were partly offset by a decline in output from conventional sources, in particular the decrease in gas-fired generation. In Italy, the increase in hydroelectric generation (+4.0 TWh) was offset by the contraction in generation from coal and gas.

Finally, 39% of the net electricity generated by Enel in 2018 came from renewable resources.

Electricity transported on the Enel distribution network amounted to 485.4 TWh in 2018, an increase of 24.7 TWh (+5.4%), essentially reflecting the acquisition of Enel Distribuição São Paulo.

Electricity sold by Enel in 2018 amounted to 295.4 TWh, an increase of 10.6 TWh (+3.7%) on the previous year, mainly reflecting an increase in amounts sold on foreign markets (+9.5 TWh). The increase in sales in South America (+16.4 TWh) was only partly offset by a decline in sales in Spain (-6.9 TWh). Sales on the domestic market also increased, by 1.1 TWh. At December 31, 2018, Enel Group employees numbered 69,272 (an increase of 6,372 on the end of 2017).

The rise reflects the net balance of new hires and terminations (-1,332) and the change in the scope of consolidation (a total of +7,704), which reflected the acquisition in June of Enel Distribuição São Paulo in Brazil, the acquisition in August of Empresa de Alumbrado Eléctrico de Ceuta and Empresa de Alumbrado Eléctrico de Ceuta Distribución in Spain and the sale in December of Enel Green Power Uruguay.

N,
at Dec 31,2018at Dec 31,2017
Italy28,13428,684
Iberia9,7639,711
South America20,85813,903
Europe and Euro-Mediterranean Affairs5,6845,733
North and Central America2,2322,050
Africa, Asia e Oceania241198
Other2,3602,621
Total69,27262,900