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Natural gas markets

Natural gas demand

Milions of m3

Last year experienced a sharp decline in demand for natural gas in Italy (-3.3%), while in Spain demand was virtually unchanged on 2017 (-0.4%).


Gas demand in Italy

Milions of m3
Distribution networks32,35532,630(275)-0.8%
Thermal generation23,36125,442(2,081)-8.2%
Other (1)1,5321,536(4)-0.3%

(1) Includes other consumption and losses.
Source: Enel based on data from the Ministry for Economic Development and Snam Rete Gas.

In 2018, natural gas demand in Italy totaled 71,514 billion cubic meters, a decrease of 3.3% on the previous year.

All segments saw demand decrease in 2018: thermal generation was the hardest hit (-8.2%) owing to an increase in renewables generation, while mild temperatures in November and December caused residential demand to fall by 1%.

Price developments

1st Quarter2nd Quarter3rd Quarter4th Quarter1st Quarter2nd Quarter3rd Quarter4th Quarter
Average residential user with annual consumption of between 481 and 1.560 m3 (€/Sm3 ): price net of taxes0.470.430.480.520.450.440.420.44

Source: ARERA (Regulatory Authority for Energy, Networks and Environment)

The annual average sales price of natural gas in Italy increased by 8.6% in 2018.